Bipolar Forceps: the Keys to Precise Tissue Dissection in Neurosurgery

Surgeons holding surgery tools

The brain is one of the most important organs of the body. It has several compartments that have separate functions for speech, movement, sensation and cognition. Therefore, surgical operations involving the brain involve the delicate use of instruments to prevent damage. Currently, the use of bipolar forceps has become a common trend to ensure the precise handling of debris and small tissues during the operation.

What Are Bipolar Forceps?

Surgical forceps are medical instruments used to handle, pick and manipulate tissues. Depending on the type of surgery and organ system, different classes of forceps can be used. Bipolar forceps are often used in neurosurgical operations to grasp and dissect tissues. They are double-ended instruments comprised of high-grade steel and titanium to ensure durability despite potential exposure to high temperatures. Both ends are connected to a handle for a better grip during the procedure.

How Are Bipolar Forceps Used?

Bipolar systems require foot-switching pedals that are manipulated by the surgeon during tissue dissection. The lever acts as a switch button to jumpstart the dissection and coagulation of the forceps. Once the foot pedal is in place, the surgeon grasps the tissue for accurate preparation, handling and examination.

How Do Bipolar Forceps Work?

Bipolar systems function by using electric currents from an output device. The main instrument is connected to a cable that sends a  =pre-set voltage from high-frequency generators. The specific voltage is based on the intended procedure and tissue type. The usual electric current ranges from 300 to 500 volts to ensure optimal tissue cutting without compromising adjacent brain tissue.

The Bottom Line

The brain is vulnerable to damage during neurosurgical operations. It contains membranes and tissues that are susceptible to irreversible damage if accuracy is not maintained throughout the procedure. Neurosurgeons should have the right type of bipolar forceps to prevent adverse complications during surgical procedures.